Lirik Lagu Sinopsis Film Gaya Hidup
Blackberry LG Mobile Nokia Samsung Sony Ericsson
Klasemen L.Italia Klasemen L.Inggris Jadwal Liga Italia Jadwal Liga Inggris
Resto Enak di Jakarta Resto Romantis di Jkt Hokben Delivery Bakmi GM Delivery PHD - Pizza Hut

Cable Viewer - WikiLeaks Gaza: US Army directly, physically, secretly, enforced Gaza blockade

Classified By: Ambassador Margaret Scobey per 1.4 (b) and (d) 

1. (S/NF) Summary: Since the Egyptian-brokered "tahdiya"
("calming") between Israel and Palestinian groups in Gaza
took effect June 19, rocket attacks from Gaza have decreased,
and Israeli public pressure on the GOE to stop smuggling via
tunnels into Gaza has relaxed. However, smuggling remains an
important security issue. We are working closely with Egypt
to develop a comprehensive counter-smuggling strategy.
Assisting the GOE with deployment of a U.S.-supplied
counter-tunneling system on the Egypt-Gaza border provides
Egypt with an opportunity to more fully exploit tunnels and
break up smuggling rings. As Egypt moves forward into a new
phase of counter-smuggling efforts, we will continue our
cooperation in a variety of areas: helping interdict
smuggling on Egypt's western, southern, and eastern borders;
economic development in the Sinai; border security
assistance; and de-mining. End summary.

2. (S) The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) conducted
site surveys on the Gaza Border in June and at a training
site in Giza, near Cairo, to support the GOE in deploying a
U.S.-supplied seismic-acoustic counter-tunneling system (ref
B), aiming to deploy this equipment on the Gaza border by
early 2009. The GOE's agreement to accept this equipment
after initial resistance in 2007 is a sign of increased
bilateral cooperation on border security, and the new
technology, which can detect the sounds of tunnel digging and
movement through tunnels, should improve GOE interdiction
efforts. The Egyptian-brokered tahdiya ("calming") that took
effect June 19 has reduced tensions, and Israel's opening of
some border crossings for supplies has slightly alleviated
the humanitarian pressure on Gaza. Yet, economic incentives
for smuggling remain on both sides of the Gaza border, and
Hamas' re-arming efforts will continue to drive the smuggling
of weapons and explosives into Gaza, often through the same
tunnels used for smuggling commercial items and contraband.

3. (S) Destroying tunnels on the Gaza border is not as cut
and dried as it might appear. For example, the GOE believes
that exploding the main tunnels under the border would result
in unacceptable damage to housing in both Egyptian and
Palestinian Rafah. Moreover, Egypt realizes that Hamas
retains the capacity to repeat its January 2008 border
breach, despite Egyptian steps at deterrence, such as the
GOE's recently completed three-meter high stone wall that now
extends along the length of the 14 km border with Gaza.
Shutting down tunnel smuggling could place added economic
pressure on Gaza and increase the risk of another breach.

4. (S/NF) We plan to engage the GOE on a number of short and
long-term steps the Egyptians can take to prevent smuggling,
including: tunnel exploitation; interdicting smugglers on
Egypt's western, southern and eastern borders; economic
development in the Sinai; border security assistance; and
de-mining. The following is a list of steps we are taking to
strengthen our dialogue with the GOE as it addresses
smuggling into and out of Gaza.

-- Tunnel Exploitation: Current GOE counter-tunneling
strategy focuses on closing tunnel openings. A more
effective GOE strategy would be to exploit the tunnels by
using knowledge of the tunnel routes to catch smugglers
red-handed and break up smuggling rings. We are working with
the GOE to understand the origins of smuggled munitions and
explosives seized in the tunnels. We will continue
working-level discussions with the GOE on this issue, and the
Ambassador will continue to raise tunnel exploitation with
the Defense Minister and EGIS Chief Soliman. (Note: As
noted in Cairo 1542, Soliman told the Ambassador that he knew
that Egypt needed to close the main tunnels down. End note.)
We will work with the GOE on using the new USACE
counter-tunneling equipment effectively to map tunnel routes
and catch smugglers when they arrive at the tunnel openings
to deliver their goods.

--Engagement on Smuggling Routes: Although interdicting the
Rafah tunnels is essential, it is still tantamount to playing

CAIRO 00001878 002 OF 002

"goal-line defense." Disrupting the smuggling routes in
southern and eastern Sinai, from the Suez Canal crossings,
the western desert, and the Sudanese border will be key to
effectively decreasing smuggling into Gaza. We will open a
dialogue with the Interior Minister on MOI's role in stopping
Sinai smuggling further away from Gaza.

--Border Security Assistance: We are initiating a
comprehensive strategy to offer the GOE assistance on all
elements of border security. However, the GOE has been
resistant thus far to admitting its need for assistance. We
have increased our engagement with the border guard forces
and accompanied BGF officers on a recent trip to Sandia labs
and a U.S. Border Patrol Headquarters in Texas. We are
urging the GOE to establish a relationship with the U.S.
Border Cooperation Monitoring Center annex in Jordan. We
plan to begin a dialogue with the Ministry of Defense on how
to shore up security on the Sudanese and Libyan borders by
increasing BGFs and patrols, as well as possibly using FMF to
upgrade BGF capabilities. We also want to visit the southern
and western borders to assess current GOE capabilities

--Economic Development in the Sinai: Economic deprivation is
a prime motivating factor in Bedouin smuggling between the
Sinai and Gaza. USAID is supporting the North Sinai
Businessmen's Association micro-finance program,
headquartered in Al-Arish, with a branch in Sheikh Zweida,
approximately 10 km west of Rafah. The Sheikh Zweida branch
has micro-finance borrowers in Rafah. USAID is also managing
a $10 million project in central Sinai to develop
infrastructure, community centers, schools, and eco-tourism.
We will also continue our dialogue with the GOE to encourage
creating an economic stimulus program for the Sinai.

--De-mining/Munitions Collection: Every year, Bedouin
smugglers uncover buried munitions caches and mines in the
Sinai dating to the Egyptian-Israeli wars. The GOE currently
focuses its de-mining efforts in areas identified for oil
exploration and resort development. We plan to open a
dialogue with the MOD on expanding these efforts throughout
the Sinai, possibly using FMF money.

5. (C) Maintaining Humanitarian Flows into Gaza: The
shortage of goods in Gaza due to the Israeli embargo has
stimulated a commercial smuggling network that arms smugglers
have exploited. The USG should encourage Israel to continue
to allow humanitarian food and fuel shipments to enter Gaza,
and to increase these shipments consistent with civilian
needs in Gaza. Increased humanitarian shipments will be
especially important as increased smuggling interdiction puts
added economic pressure on Gaza and raises the risk of
another Hamas breach.
Cable Viewer

0 komentar:

Post a Comment

Give Your Comment And We Will Response You With Happy. No Moderation Comment, just Do Folow ^_^

Copyright Onlinesing © 2010 - All right reserved - Using Blueceria Blogspot Theme
Best viewed with Mozilla, IE, Google Chrome and Opera.